Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are practically spread in all aspects of life. Just a decade ago,
in some parts of the world, technologies
priority of access to information and communication technologies was a luxury.
It is widely recognized today that investment in affordable,
global and unconditional access to information and communication technologies is essential to driving progress towards global priorities,
especially the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
It follows, of course,
that the various assumptions, AI
theories, hopes, and even frustrations are an integral part of the takeoff of this “digitization” process.
Various successes and failures of the transformative potential of information and communication technologies have shown
that the technologies themselves are neither necessarily positive nor negative nor neutral.
new technologies are further evidence of the fact that political,
social empowerment all form the basic building blocks,
both for global goals and for superior visions and expectations for prosperity.
Information and communication technologies are advancing at an astounding pace, but access to the Internet,
especially across the World Wide Web,
is perhaps the most important component of unlocking the potential of new technologies. The SDGs recognized the right vital role that ICTs can play in achieving them.
Goal C of SDG 9, in particular,
calls for universal access to information and communication technologies, especially in the least developed countries,
by 2020 – that is,
months from now. Half of the world’s population is expected to be online in 2019 (initially estimated for 2017). Of the approximately 3.9 billion people still out of the Internet,
an overwhelming majority live in the Global South and 2 billion are women.
Nine out of ten youth outside the Internet live in Africa or the Asia Pacific region.
According to the current rate of progress toward Goal C of SDG 9,
only 16 percent of the world’s poorest countries and 53 percent of the entire world will be connected to the Internet by 2020,
according to the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI). The coalition further notes that the impact of this delay in communication “will undermine global development in all areas,
which will contribute to lost opportunities for economic growth and prevent hundreds of millions from accessing online education,
political voice and much more.”
Mobile phones are widely considered the entry point into the digital economy, and “one of the most far-reaching technologies in history.
While mobile communication is spreading rapidly,
it is not spreading evenly,” says the International Association of Mobile Networks (GSMA). ),
An association representing the interests of mobile operators worldwide. Variations in access to mobile phones and the Internet,
and the use of urban,
gender and geographical gaps.
As an example,
the International Association of Mobile Networks (GSMA) notes that “in rural areas,
the cost of building and operating a mobile phone infrastructure can be twice the cost compared to urban areas,
with 10 times less revenue than in urban areas.” This would discourage telecommunications service providers from prioritizing these areas,
which are left behind on infrastructure fronts and other development paths.
In its recent evaluation of the gender gap in mobile phones,
the International Society for Mobile Networks (GSMA) found that “on average,
women in low and middle-income countries are 10 percent lower than men in terms of owning a mobile phone,
which translates to 184 million A woman does not own fewer cell phones than men. Even if women own a cell phone,
there is a huge gap in use,
especially for more transformational services,
such as using the mobile Internet. More than 1.2 billion women in low and middle-income countries do not use the Internet by phone Well. Women,
on average 26 are less likely to use the Internet via mobile phone percent of men. Even among the owners of mobile devices,
women are 18% less than men in the use of the Internet via mobile phones.
” Research by the World Wide Web Foundation found that in poor communities in nine cities in Africa, Southeast Asia,
and Latin America, nearly all women,
and men own a phone. However,
when categorizing by income,
level of education,
women are less likely to access the Internet by almost 50 percent compared to men in the same communities,
with internet use being reported by only 37 percent of women surveyed. Once online, women are less likely to use the Internet from 30 to 50 percent,
compared to men,
to increase their income or participate in public life.
The country’s geography affects the cost of connecting its citizens to the Internet. This means that landlocked countries and island archipelago countries usually have higher costs for an Internet connection.
Small countries (both in terms of population and by area) have the “lowest opportunity for economies of scale”,
while “industry costs incurred in providing internet service show that the cost of providing one subscriber with one-year mobile broadband data in an archipelago island like the Philippines is About five times the cost of doing the same thing in a coastal country like Nigeria. ”